Selected Publications

Featured Essays

Flaherty, Colleen. "Scaling Up High-Impact Instruction." Inside Higher Ed, September 28, 2016.

Bowen, José. "Reacting to the Past Will Revive your Teaching." Teaching Naked Blog, July 15, 2016.

Greenbaum, Daniella J. "How to Think About the Past." Commentary, June 23, 2016.

Karabin, Sherry. "Reenacting the Past: Student Role-Playing Make Major Historical Events Come Alive in the Classroom. " Barnard Magazine, Fall 2015, 24-27.

O'Sullivan, Anna. "Leading American History Blog Features Prof. Mark Carnes' Innovative Teaching Techniques." Barnard News, September 15, 2015.

Watson, Keri. "There's a Game for That: Teaching Art History with 'Reacting to the Past'." Art History Teaching Resources, April 17, 2015.

"Five Points on Change in the College Classroom.Ed Policy Group, December 9, 2014. 

Carnes, Mark C. "From Plato to Erikson: How the War on 'Bad Play' Has Impoverished Higher Education." Arts and Humanities in Higher Education, November 21, 2014.

Carnes, Mark C. "Role Immersion Games in the Higher Ed Classroom [Podcast].Teaching in Higher Ed, October 30, 2014.

Carnes, Mark C. "Plato's War on Play." Chronicle of Higher Education, September 29, 2014.

Lang, James. "Stop Blaming Students for Your Listless Classroom: How the Use of Games as a Teaching Methodology Has the Potential to Break the Long History of Student Disengagement in College Learning." (Part 3) The Chronicle of Higher Education, September 29, 2014.

Lang, James. "How Students Learn from Games: In the Second of a Three-Part Series, a Professor Looks at the Use of Simulation Games in the Classroom." (Part 2) The Chronicle of Higher Education, August 25, 2014.

Lang, James. "Being in Nehru for 2 Days: In the First of a Three-Part Series, a Professor Looks at the Use of Simulation Games in the Classroom." (Part 1) The Chronicle of Higher Education, July 21, 2014.

Schaller, Peggy. "Can (Role-) Playing the French Revolution En Français Also Teach the Eighteenth Century?" Digital Defoe, Fall, 2014.

Carnes, Mark C. "Setting Students' Minds on Fire." Chronicle of Higher Education, March 6, 2011.

Houle, Amanda. "Listening to Students: Reacting to 'Reacting'." Change magazine, July/August 2006.

Carnes, Mark C. "Inciting Speech." Change magazine, March/April 2005.
**Winner of the 2005 William Gilbert Award (AHA) for the best article on teaching history**

"Making the Past Come Alive."  Letters to the Editor by Frank G. Kirkpatrick and Larry Carver in response to Mark Carnes' article in the Chronicle Review, November 12, 2004.

Carnes, Mark C. "Being There: The Liminal Classroom."  Chronicle Review, October 8, 2004.

National Media Coverage

Flaherty, Colleen, "Scaling Up High Impact Instruction" Inside Higher Ed, September 28th, 2016

Carnes, Mark C. "'You're Gonna Make Us Do Weird, Role-Playing Games?'". Process: a Blog for American History. August 31, 2015.

Shapiro, Judith. "'Civil' Wars." Inside Higher Ed, September 8, 2014. 

Carnes, Mark C. "Juan Winthrop - A Crime Against History?". Perspectives on History. American Historical Association, October 2013.

Berrett, Dan. "Mob Rule, Political Intrigue, Assassination: A Role-Playing Game Motivates History Students." The Chronicle of Higher Education 58, No. 40, July 6, 2012.

Marklein, Mary Beth. "Colleges' Latest Thrust in Learning: Video Games." USA Today, November 29, 2011. 

Berrett, Dan. "In Improving Higher Education, Which Core Matters More: Skills or Curriculum?" The Chronicle of Higher Education, (September 30, 2011): A11-13.

Rubin Museum of Art's Review of Reacting to the Past's June 2011 Institute, June 24, 2011.

Courage, Richard. "Getting Into History by Getting Into Character." New York Times, June 23, 2004.

Crider, Anthony. "Final Exams or Epic Finales?" The Chronicle of Higher Education, July 27, 2015.

"Students Take History into their Own Hands." The Christian Science Monitor, August 13, 2002.

"A History Professor Engages Students by Giving Them a Role in the Action." The Chronicle of Higher Education, November 16, 2001.

"News of the Profession: Reacting to the Past Wins Award." OAH Newsletter. Organization of American Historians

Peer Reviewed Articles, Papers, and Assessment Reports

Buchanan, Thomas C. and Edward Palmer. Role immersion in a history course: Online versus face-to-face in Reacting to the Past, Computers & Education, Vol 108 (May 2017), pp 85-95.

Albright, Christine L. "Harnessing Students' Competitive Spirit: Using Reacting to the Past to Structure the Introductory Greek Culture Class" in The Classical Journal, Vol. 112, No. 3 (February-March 2017), pp 364-379.

Weidenfeld, Matthew C. and Kenneth E. Fernandez. "Does Reacting to the Past Increase Student Engagement? An Empirical Evaluation of the Use of Historical Simulations" in Teaching Political Theory, Journal of Political Science Education (May 2016), DOI: 10.1080/15512169.2016.1175948.

Olwell, Russell and Azibo Stevens. "'I had to double check my thoughts': How the Reacting to the Past Methodology Impacts First-Year College Student Engagement, Retention, and Historical Thinking" in The History Teacher 48, No. 3 (May 2015), pp 561-572.

Weston, Anthony. "From Guide on the Side to Impresario with a Scenario" in College Teaching 63, No. 3 (June 2015), pp 99-104.

Burke, Kevin R. "Roleplaying Music History: Honing General Education Skills via 'Reacting to the Past'" in Journal of Music History Pedagogy [S.I.], v. 5, n. 1, p. 1-21, apr. 2014.

Lazrus, P. K.  and G. K. McKay, "The Reacting to the Past Pedagogy and Engaging the First Year Student",  in J. E. Groccia (Ed.), L. Cruz (assoc. Ed.) To Improve the Academy: Resources for Faculty, Instructional, and Organizational Development. Colorado: POD (Professional and Organizational Development network). San Francisco: Jossey Bass 2013, pp 315-416. 

Henderson, David E. and Susan K. Henderson. "Challenging the Food Pyramid - A Reacting to the Past Simulation Game for Chemistry and Nutrition Courses." in Keith Symcox, ed., Using Food to Stimulate Interest in the Chemistry Classroom, ACS Symposium Series, American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, 2013. 

Gorton, William and Jonathan Havercroft. "Using Historical Simulations to Teach Political Theory." Journal of Political Science Education 8, No. 1 (Jan 2012): 50-68.

Burney, John, Richard Gid Powers, and Mark Carnes. "Reacting to the Past: A New Approach to Student Engagement and to Enhancing General Education." White Paper Report submitted to the Teagle Foundation, 2010.

Kelly, Kathleen A. "A Yearlong General Education Course Using “Reacting to the Past” Pedagogy to Explore Democratic Practice."  International Journal of Learning 16.11 (2009): 147-55.

Lightcap, Tracy. "Creating Political Order: Maintaining Student Engagement through Reacting to the Past." PS: Political Science and Politics (2009), 42: 175-179.

Stroessner, Steven J., Laurie Susser Beckerman, and Alexis Whittaker. "All the World’s a Stage? Consequences of a Role-Playing Pedagogy on Psychological Factors and Writing and Rhetorical Skill in College Undergraduates."Journal of Educational Psychology 101 (2009), 605–620.

Anderson, Carl A. and T. Keith Dix. "'Reacting to the Past' and the Classics Curriculum: Rome in 44 BCE." Classical Journal 103.4 (2008), 449-55. 

Henderson, David E. "Implementing Methodological Secularism: The Teaching and Practice of Science in Contentious Times," in Secularism & Science in the 21st Century (2008). 

Higbee, Mark D. "How Reacting to the Past Games 'Made Me Want to Come to Class and Learn': An Assessment of the Reacting Pedagogy." In Jeffrey L. Bernstein, ed., Making Learning Visible: The Scholarship of Learning at EMU. Ypsilanti, MI: Eastern Michigan University, 2008. 

Porter, Adam."Role-Playing and Religion: Using Games to Educate Millenials." Teaching Theology & Religion 11, No. 4. (2008), 230-235.

Davison, Ann and Sue Lantz Goldhaber. "Integration, Socialization, Collaboration: Inviting Native and Non-Native English Speakers into the Academy Through 'Reacting to the Past'", in Reclaiming the Public University: Conversations on General & Liberal Education (2007).

Hughes, Amy E., Jill Stevenson, and Mikhail Gershovich. "Community through Discourse: Reconceptualizing Introduction to Theatre."  Theatre Topics, Vol. 16, No. 1 (March 2006).

Lee, Joseph Tse-Hei. "Teaching Nonviolence in Times of War." Academic Exchange Quarterly 9, no. 2 (Summer 2005): 240-245.

Popiel, Jennifer J. Review: Rousseau, Burke, and Revolution in France, 1791.  H-France Review Volume 5 (August 2005), No. 84.

Slater, Niall W. "Re-Inventing the Trivium: Debate, Dialogue--and Empathy." LiberalArtsOnline Volume 5, Number 5, May 2005.

Campus Spotlights and Local Coverage

Thompson, Peter and Duncan, Leanna. "Reacting to the Past: A Conversation.History Illinois, Spring 2017.

Ayoub, George. "2016 Second Best Time For History Class." The Grand Island Independent, October 9, 2016.

Reis, Elizabeth. "Crafting Womanhood.Nursing Clio, December 4, 2014.

Hanson, Ryan. "Students Spend Class Time Reenacting Moments in History, Game Teaches More than Lectures."The BG News, November 21, 2014.

Cooper, Matt. "With History As Their Stage." University of Oregon CAS News, November 14, 2014.

Ward, Molly. "To Teach Politics, 'Play' Them." The Monitor, October 27, 2014.

"Students Immerse Themselves In History." BGSU News,October, 2014. 

Olwell, Robert. "You Say You Want a Revolution? Reenacting History in the Classroom." Not Even Past, May 19, 2014. 

Girard, Jacques. "La Révolution en chair et en os: Un jeu de rôle unique en Europe pour faire revivre l’histoire."  L’Express, 8 Novembre 2011. 

"Students Inhabit History: Emergence of Law in Society Brings Learning to Life." Kean XChange, November 2011.

"UND Students ‘Experience’ History by Role-Playing." Grand Forks Herald, Novermber 16, 2011. 

Stanton, Rebecca. "For the Public Good: From Athens 403 B.C. to Manhattan 2011." Barnard News, October 28, 2011.

Sides, Melynda. "Role-Playing Games Enliven History Lessons at UM." Fox 6 WBRC-TV, October 18, 2011. 

McDowell, Katie. "Bringing History to Life: University of Montevallo Students Act Out the Past in New Curriculum." Shelby County Reporter, October 10, 2011.

Morris, Anna. "Reflect: Students Take a Look Back with Reacting to the Past." The Colonnade, April 14, 2011.

Wasson, Katheran. "Unique KSU Course Reignites Debate Over Slavery and Secession." The State Journal, January 16, 2011.

Walsh, David A. "Can "Reacting to the Past" Help Students Learn About the Israel/Palestine Conflict?" History NewsNetwork (2010).

"Keitt Gives Students the Floor to React to the Past." University of Alabama Reporter, Vol. 32, No. 14, April 14, 2008.

Hooper, Mary. "Students Play to Learn History." Daily Texan, March 26, 2008.

"Faculty Introduced to Innovative Teaching Methods at Workshop." News @ AUC, March 2, 2008.

"Undergraduate Science: Engaging the Big Questions and Increasing Achievement." AAC&U Member Innovations, March 2008.

"A First-Year Program Fosters Academic Engagement and Intentionality at Washington and Jefferson." AAC&U News, December 2006.

Simmons, Kelly.  "Class at UGA puts students in charge."  Atlanta Journal-Constitution, October 6, 2005.

"Mind Games: Classics Faculty Discuss New Pedagogical Approach."  UGA Columns, March 28, 2005

"Students Meet King Louis XVI in an excellent adventure." Des Moines Register, October 13, 2004.

"Students Act Out History, Giving It Their Own Twist." Boston Globe, December 14, 2003 

"Students are Relishing Their Roles in History." NewsSmith, Winter 2003.

Minds on Fire Press

Ramsdell, Catherine. "Do College Classrooms Really Need to Be More Like Video Games?" Popmatters, December 1, 2014.

Brynen, Rex. "Review of Minds on Fire." PAXsims, October 19, 2014.

Flaherty, Colleen. "'Minds on Fire.'" Inside Higher Ed, August 27, 2014. 

Mintz, Steven. "Review of Mark C. Carnes's 'Minds on Fire'" History News Network, August 25, 2014.